Häxan (2017)
[La strega]

LÄCKBERG, Camilla


  • Moral assessment: (L-C1) Contains some lurid passages, or a general ideological framework that could confuse people without much Christian formation
  • Public: Adult

Camilla Lackberg è scrittrice molto feconda e per Marsilio ha pubblicato già una decina di volumi, la gran parte gialli, tutti ambientati in Svezia, sua patria di origine dove tutt’ora vive. L’azione si svolge ai nostri tempi in una città di provincia, Fiällbacka, dove gli investigatori si trovano davanti all’omicidio di una bimba di quattro anni, Linnea, avvenuto in una casa e nelle stesse circostanze di un analogo omicidio di un’altra bimba di quattro anni, Stella, avvenuto trent’anni prima. Ogni paio di capitoli viene inserita una vicenda risalente al 1672, la storia di una povera innocente domestica che viene accusata, processata e giustiziata come strega: la vicenda dà il titolo al libro, altrimenti incomprensibile, ma non ha alcun rapporto con la vicenda principale. C’è un certo tentativo di raccontare il carattere dei personaggi, i loro pensieri più intimi, le loro passioni e le loro caratteristiche evidenti o nascoste. L’unica cosa però che risalta in tutta la sua drammaticità è il livello morale della società che vi è rappresentata, in cui non esiste quasi più alcun valore se non in alcuni rari casi: quello dell’amicizia e della solidarietà fra alcuni (l’accoglienza di un gruppo di immigrati siriani, il rapporto di stima fra gli investigatori). Famiglie che si sfasciano, genitori che odiano i figli ne viceversa, matrimoni almeno un paio per ogni persona, giovani debosciati e sensuali, facili allo smodato consumo di alcool, pronti ad atroci scherzi verso i coetanei. Bisogna dire tuttavia che i comportamenti moralmente più sbagliati (omosessualità, adulteri, invidie, vendette) non sono oggetto di descrizioni pesanti e inoltre sono sempre attribuiti ai personaggi più negativi e pertanto sottilmente criticati. Il volume è di una lunghezza eccessiva e inutile e non ha particolare valore letterario. Inspiegabili i capitoli dedicati alla vicenda della strega, assolutamente inutili e soltanto spiegabili con una critica alla durezza di certe impostazioni e tribunali religiosi, in questo caso in ambito protestante. A.C. (Italia, 2017)

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What do the moral assessments mean in relation to works of literature?

The assessments are divided into two groups, one for Literature (L) and the other for Thought (P). For Literature the assessments are as follows:

  •  L-A1: Nothing morally inappropriate.
  •  L-A2: Nothing morally inappropriate, although may be unsuitable for younger readers (e.g. because there are topics requiring a certain maturity on the part of the reader).
  •  L-B1: Some morally inappropriate content.
  •  L-B2: Contains significant sections contrary to faith or morals.
  •  L-C1: Contains some lurid passages, or presents a general ideological framework that could confuse those without much Christian formation.
  • L-C2: Contains several lurid passages, or presents an ideological framework that is contrary or foreign to Christian values.
  •  L-C3: Explicitly contradicts Catholic faith or morals, or is directed against the Church and its institutions.

What do the moral assessments mean in relation to non-fiction works?

Works of Thought (P) are assessed according to the degree of knowledge required to evaluate the implications of affirmations made with respect to the Christian faith.

  • P-A1 or P-A2: These books present doctrinal matters in accordance with the teaching of the Church as set out, for example, in the Catechism of the Catholic Church. They avoid complicated topics and subjects not yet theologically settled. They are grouped according to whether or not they require a certain minimum of Christian formation.
    •  P-A1: General readership.
    •  P-A2: Readers with general cultural or basic Christian formation.
  • P-B1 or P-B2: To appreciate how certain topics impinge on the faith, the reader requires a good cultural formation with respect to the matters dealt with (P-B1), or even university-level studies in these areas (P-B2). In particular, these books may take for granted certain widely-held opinions opposed to the faith, even though such ideas may not be central to their argument – and can be easily detected by readers with a certain amount of formation.
    •  P-B1: Requires prior general knowledge of the subject.
    •  P-B2: Readers with Christian formation and knowledgeable about the subject matter.
  • P-C1, P-C2 or P-C3: Because of the implications of the topics dealt with, or the need to be aware of the reasons why some of the theories set out in the book are invalid, it is always necessary for the reader to have very good formation in the area in question, whether university-level (P-C1) or specialist (e.g. a doctorate: P-C2). Hence the assessments place emphasis on the objective content of the book, rather than on its possible readership. The P-C3 assessment is reserved for those works which set out to contradict or deny certain aspects of the faith or the teachings of the Catholic Magisterium.
    •  P-C1: Contains doctrinal errors of some importance.
    •  P-C2: Whilst not being explicitly against the faith, the general approach or its main points are ambiguous or opposed to the Church’s teachings.
    •  P-C3: Incompatible with Catholic doctrine.

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